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Title: LONG-PULSE, HIGH-PERFORMANCE DISCHARGES IN THE DIII-D TOKAMAK

LONG-PULSE, HIGH-PERFORMANCE DISCHARGES IN THE DIII-D TOKAMAK Significant progress in obtaining high performance discharges for many energy confinement times in the DIII-D tokamak has been realized since the previous IAEA meeting. In relation to previous discharges, normalized performance {approx}10 has been sustained for >5 {tau}{sub E} with q{sub min} >1.5. (The normalized performance is measured by the product {beta}{sub N} H{sub 89} indicating the proximity to the conventional {beta} limits and energy confinement quality, respectively.) These H-mode discharges have an ELMing edge and {beta} {approx}{le} 5%. The limit to increasing {beta} is a resistive wall mode, rather than the tearing modes previously observed. Confinement remains good despite the increase in q. The global parameters were chosen to optimize the potential for fully non-inductive current sustainment at high performance, which is a key program goal for the DIII-D facility in the next two years. Measurement of the current density and loop voltage profiles indicate {approx}75% of the current in the present discharges is sustained non-inductively. The remaining ohmic current is localized near the half radius. The electron cyclotron heating system is being upgraded to replace this remaining current with ECCD. Density and {beta} control, which are essential for operating advanced tokamak discharges, were demonstrated in ELMing H-mode discharges more » with {beta}{sub N}H{sub 89} {approx} 7 for up to 6.3 s or {approx} 34 {tau}{sub E}. These discharges appear to be in resistive equilibrium with q{sub min} {approx} 1.05, in agreement with the current profile relaxation time of 1.8 s. « less
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:OSTI ID: 805800
DOE Contract Number:AC03-99ER54463
Resource Type:Conference
Resource Relation:Conference: 18th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, Sorrento (IT), 10/04/2000--10/10/2000; Other Information: THIS IS A PREPRINT OF A PAPER TO BE PRESENTED AT THE 18TH IAEA FUSION ENERGY CONFERENCE, OCTOBER 4-10,2000 IN SORRENTO, ITALY, AND TO BE PUBLISHED IN THE ''PROCEEDINGS''; PBD: 1 Oct 2000
Research Org:GENERAL ATOMICS (US)
Sponsoring Org:(US)
Country of Publication:United States
Language:English
Subject: 43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; CONFINEMENT; CONFINEMENT TIME; CURRENT DENSITY; CYCLOTRONS; DOUBLET-3 DEVICE; ELECTRONS; HEATING SYSTEMS; IAEA; PERFORMANCE; RELAXATION TIME; THERMONUCLEAR REACTORS