SciTech Connect

Title: Solar-Based Rural Electrification and Micro-Enterprise Development in Latin America: A Gender Analysis

Solar-Based Rural Electrification and Micro-Enterprise Development in Latin America: A Gender Analysis Worldwide, an estimated 1.5 to 2 billion people do not have access to electricity, including 100 million in the Latin America region. Depending on the country, 30 to 90% of this unelectrified Latin American population lives in rural areas where geographic remoteness and low energy consumption patterns may preclude the extension of the conventional electricity grid. Women are heavily impacted by the energy scarcity given their role as primary energy procurers and users for the household, agricultural and small industrial subsectors in developing countries. As a result, women spend disproportionately more time engaged in energy-related activities like carrying water and searching for cooking fuel. This paper describes the use of decentralized renewable energy systems as one approach to meet the energy needs of rural areas in Latin America. It outlines the advantages of a decentralized energy paradigm to achieve international development goals, especially as they relate to women. The paper studies Enersol Associates, Inc.'s Solar-Based Rural Electrification model as an example of a decentralized energy program which has merged energy and development needs through the local involvement of energy entrepreneurs, non-governmental organizations and community members.
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:OSTI ID: 772433
Report Number(s):NREL/SR-550-28995
TRN: AH200105%%125
DOE Contract Number:AC36-99GO10337
Resource Type:Technical Report
Resource Relation:Other Information: PBD: 16 Nov 2000
Research Org:National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (US)
Sponsoring Org:US Department of Energy (US)
Country of Publication:United States
Language:English
Subject: 14 SOLAR ENERGY; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; DEVELOPING COUNTRIES; ELECTRICITY; ENERGY CONSUMPTION; LATIN AMERICA; RURAL AREAS; WATER; SOLAR ENERGY; SOLAR ENERGY CONVERSION LATIN AMERICA; ELECTRICITY; GENDER; WOMEN; RENEWABLE ENERGY; ENERSOL ASSOCIATES; DECENTRALIZED ENERGY