Water-lithium bromide double-effect absorption cooling analysis
A numerical model was developed for the transient simulation of the double-effect, water-lithium bromide absorption cooling machine, and the use of the model to determine the effect of the various design and input variables on the absorption unit performance. The performance parameters considered were coefficient of performance and cooling capacity. The sensitivity analysis was performed by selecting a nominal condition and determining performance sensitivity for each variable with others held constant. The variables considered in the study include source hot water, cooling water, and chilled water temperatures; source hot water, cooling water, and chilled water flow rates; solution circulation rate; heat exchanger areas; pressure drop between evaporator and absorber; solution pump characteristics; and refrigerant flow control methods. The performance sensitivity study indicated in particular that the distribution of heat exchanger area among the various (seven) heat exchange components is a very-important design consideration. Moreover, it indicated that the method of flow control of the first effect refrigerant vapor through the second effect is a critical design feature when absorption units operate over a significant range of cooling capacity. The model was used to predict the performance of the Trane absorption unit with fairly good accuracy.
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- Resource Type:
- Technical Report
- Research Org:
- Texas Univ., Austin (USA). Center for Energy Studies
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 14 SOLAR ENERGY; 15 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; ABSORPTION REFRIGERATION CYCLE; PERFORMANCE; COMPUTER CODES; L CODES; COOLING SYSTEMS; AIR CONDITIONERS; DESIGN; FLOW RATE; HEAT EXCHANGERS; LITHIUM BROMIDES; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS; SIMULATION; ALKALI METAL COMPOUNDS; BROMIDES; BROMINE COMPOUNDS; HALIDES; HALOGEN COMPOUNDS; LITHIUM COMPOUNDS; LITHIUM HALIDES Geothermal Legacy 140901* -- Solar Thermal Utilization-- Space Heating & Cooling; 151000 -- Geothermal Energy-- Direct Energy Utilization; 320304 -- Energy Conservation, Consumption, & Utilization-- Industrial & Agricultural Processes-- Waste Heat Recovery & Utilization
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