Strain hardening of heavily cold-worked metals
Strain hardening of heavily cold-worked metals It is demonstrated that strain hardening in torsion cannot be correlated with axisymmetric deformation by the von Mises effective stress strain criterion. In fcc materials, the flow stress levels and strain hardening rates are typically lower in torsion and saturation, only at lower stress levels. In bcc iron, a low saturtion stress is observed for torsion, whereas linear hardening is observed for axisymmetric extension. Much of the discrepancy in flow curves can be explained by texture. It is demonstrated that a crystallographic effective stress-strain criterion based on evolving average Taylor factors provides the proper magnitude correction for torsional flow curves in fcc materials. The simple crystallographic analysis does not fully explain the hardening response following deformation path changes and multidirectional loading. 96 references, 42 figures.
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