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Title: Theory, design, and operation of liquid metal fast breeder reactors, including operational health physics

Theory, design, and operation of liquid metal fast breeder reactors, including operational health physics A comprehensive evaluation was conducted of the radiation protection practices and programs at prototype LMFBRs with long operational experience. Installations evaluated were the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF), Richland, Washington; Experimental Breeder Reactor II (EBR-II), Idaho Falls, Idaho; Prototype Fast Reactor (PFR) Dounreay, Scotland; Phenix, Marcoule, France; and Kompakte Natriumgekuhlte Kernreak Toranlange (KNK II), Karlsruhe, Federal Republic of Germany. The evaluation included external and internal exposure control, respiratory protection procedures, radiation surveillance practices, radioactive waste management, and engineering controls for confining radiation contamination. The theory, design, and operating experience at LMFBRs is described. Aspects of LMFBR health physics different from the LWR experience in the United States are identified. Suggestions are made for modifications to the NRC Standard Review Plan based on the differences.
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:6330462
Report Number(s):NUREG/CR-4375; EGG-2415
ON: TI86004392; TRN: 86-002064
DOE Contract Number:AC07-76ID01570
Resource Type:Technical Report
Data Type:
Research Org:Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls (USA)
Country of Publication:United States
Language:English
Subject: 22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; 21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; LMFBR TYPE REACTORS; RADIATION PROTECTION; ALARA; EBR-2 REACTOR; FFTF REACTOR; KNK-2 REACTOR; PFR REACTOR; PHENIX REACTOR; BREEDER REACTORS; ENRICHED URANIUM REACTORS; EPITHERMAL REACTORS; EXPERIMENTAL REACTORS; FAST REACTORS; FBR TYPE REACTORS; HYDRIDE MODERATED REACTORS; LIQUID METAL COOLED REACTORS; PLUTONIUM REACTORS; POWER REACTORS; REACTORS; RESEARCH AND TEST REACTORS; RESEARCH REACTORS; SODIUM COOLED REACTORS; SZR TYPE REACTORS; TEST REACTORS; THERMAL REACTORS 220900* -- Nuclear Reactor Technology-- Reactor Safety; 210500 -- Power Reactors, Breeding