Quantitative metallographic method for determining delta ferrite content in austenitic stainless steels. Final report
Delta ferrite is a magnetic form of iron and has a body centered cubic crystal structure. It is often present as a nonequilibrium phase in austenitic stainless steel welds, castings, and wrought materials. The ferrite content of austenitic stainless steel can directly affect its properties, especially weldability and formability. Therefore, it is highly desirable to be able to predict and/or measure the ferrite content accurately. Current magnetic ferrite measuring methods are not applicable when test materials are geometrically small (less than 2.54 mm thick and 6.35 mm wide). Therefore, a standard metallographic test method STM 00107-A was established to determine delta ferrite content in small weldments and base metals of austenitic stainless steel. This standard test method (STM 00107-A) was then performed on several exemplary metallographic specimens to illustrate its capabilities and applications. The results from the exemplary tests were compared and contrasted to metallographic manual point count measurements, Ferritescope measurements, and predicted values calculated from chemical analyses. By utilizing the manual metallographic point count data, an accuracy of +-16% and a precision of +-0.77% were determined for the standard test method. The comparison of Ferritescope data to standard test method revealed that the results obtained by the two methods more »
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- Resource Type:
- Technical Report
- Research Org:
- Allied Corp., Kansas City, MO (USA). Bendix Kansas City Div.
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 42 ENGINEERING; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; AUSTENITIC STEELS; METALLOGRAPHY; FERRITE; ETCHING; IMAGE PROCESSING; MORPHOLOGY; QUANTITY RATIO; ALLOYS; CARBON ADDITIONS; IRON ALLOYS; IRON BASE ALLOYS; PROCESSING; STEELS; SURFACE FINISHING 420500* -- Engineering-- Materials Testing; 360102 -- Metals & Alloys-- Structure & Phase Studies
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