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Title: Man's effect on stratospheric ozone

Man's effect on stratospheric ozone Since McDonald, at the beginning of this decade, first proposed that water vapor from SST exhaust would lead to increases in skin cancer, about a dozen man-induced mechanisms have been suggested as threatening to modify our stratospheric ozone uv-shield. Possible thinning of the ozone layer has been attributed to one or more of the catalytic ozone destroyers, water vapor (HO/sub x/), oxides of nitrogen (NO/sub x/), chlorine (ClX); or bromine (BrX). The original catalyst, HO/sub x/, rather quickly lost its role to NO/sub x/. In an almost unique evolution, computed sensitivity of stratospheric ozone to NO/sub x/ progressively declined until a reversal of effect occurred. Models now compute a thickening of the ozone layer for any but high level or very massive injections of NO/sub x/. Meanwhile, computed sensitivity to ClX has fluctuated widely and in 1978 models increased to the point where comparisons with observations were becoming an embarrassment. The potential role of BrX has also increased but awaits a credible source of stratospheric bromine to bring it center stage. More recently the atmospheric build-up of carbon dioxide, by cooling the stratosphere and increasing the chemical equilibrium level of ozone, has also been recognized as a potential modifier of more » the ozone layer. « less
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:OSTI ID: 6140035
Report Number(s):UCRL-82556; CONF-790858-2
DOE Contract Number:W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:Conference
Resource Relation:Conference: 4. international symposium on environmental biogeochemistry, Canberra, Australia, 27 Aug 1979
Research Org:California Univ., Livermore (USA). Lawrence Livermore Lab.
Country of Publication:United States
Language:English
Subject: 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; BROMINE COMPOUNDS; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; CARBON DIOXIDE; CHEMICAL EFFLUENTS; AIR POLLUTION; CHLORINE COMPOUNDS; EXHAUST GASES; NITROGEN OXIDES; OZONE LAYER; DISTURBANCES; WATER VAPOR; ISOLATED VALUES; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; STRATOSPHERE; THEORETICAL DATA; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CARBON OXIDES; CHALCOGENIDES; DATA; DATA FORMS; EARTH ATMOSPHERE; FLUIDS; GASEOUS WASTES; GASES; HALOGEN COMPOUNDS; INFORMATION; NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; NUMERICAL DATA; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION; VAPORS; WASTES 500200* -- Environment, Atmospheric-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (-1989)