SciTech Connect

Title: Plutonium story

Plutonium story The first nuclear synthesis and identification (i.e., the discovery) of the synthetic transuranium element plutonium (isotope /sup 238/Pu) and the demonstration of its fissionability with slow neutrons (isotope /sup 239/Pu) took place at the University of California, Berkeley, through the use of the 60-inch and 37-inch cyclotrons, in late 1940 and early 1941. This led to the development of industrial scale methods in secret work centered at the University of Chicago's Metallurgical Laboratory and the application of these methods to industrial scale production, at manufacturing plants in Tennessee and Washington, during the World War II years 1942 to 1945. The chemical properties of plutonium, needed to devise the procedures for its industrial scale production, were studied by tracer and ultramicrochemical methods during this period on an extraordinarily urgent basis. This work, and subsequent investigations on a worldwide basis, have made the properties of plutonium very well known. Its well studied electronic structure and chemical properties give it a very interesting position in the actinide series of inner transition elements.
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:OSTI ID: 5808140
Report Number(s):LBL-13492; CONF-810948-2
ON: DE82004551; TRN: 82-005028
DOE Contract Number:W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:Conference
Resource Relation:Conference: Actinides-1981 conference, Pacific Grove, CA, USA, 10 Sep 1981
Research Org:Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA)
Country of Publication:United States
Language:English
Subject: 38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY; PLUTONIUM; ACTINIDES; CHEMICAL PROPERTIES; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; PLUTONIUM 238; PLUTONIUM 239; PRODUCTION; SYNTHESIS; ACTINIDE ISOTOPES; ACTINIDE NUCLEI; ALPHA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; ELEMENTS; EVEN-EVEN NUCLEI; EVEN-ODD NUCLEI; HEAVY NUCLEI; ISOTOPES; METALS; NUCLEI; PLUTONIUM ISOTOPES; RADIOISOTOPES; TRANSURANIUM ELEMENTS; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES 400702* -- Radiochemistry & Nuclear Chemistry-- Properties of Radioactive Materials