SciTech Connect

Title: Assessment of the petroleum, coal, and geothermal resources of the economic community of West African states (ECOWAS) region

Assessment of the petroleum, coal, and geothermal resources of the economic community of West African states (ECOWAS) region Approximately 85 percent of the land area of the ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States) region is covered by basement rocks (igneous and highly metamorphosed rocks) or relatively thin layers of Paleozoic, Upper Precambrian, and Continental Intercalaire sedimentary rocks. These areas have little or no petroleum potential. The ECOWAS region can be divided into 13 sedimentary basins on the basis of analysis of the geologic framework of Africa. These 13 basins can be further grouped into 8 categories on the basis of similarities in stratigraphy, geologic history, and probable hydrocarbon potential. The author has attempted to summarize the petroleum potential within the geologic framework of the region. The coal discoveries can be summarized as follows: the Carboniferous section in the Niger Basin; the Paleocene-Maestrichtian, Maestrichtian, and Eocene sections in the Niger Delta and Benin; the Maestrichtian section in the Senegal Basin; and the Pleistocene section in Sierra Leone. The only proved commercial deposits are the Paleocene-Maestrichtian and Maestrichtian subbituminous coal beds of the Niger Delta. Some of the lignite deposits of the Niger Delta and Senegal Basin, however, may be exploitable in the future. Published literature contains limited data on heat-flow values in the ECOWAS region. It is inferred, more » however, from the few values available and the regional geology that the development of geothermal resources, in general, would be uneconomical. Exceptions may include a geopressured zone in the Niger Delta and areas of recent tectonic activity in the Benue Trough and Cameroon. Development of the latter areas under present economic conditions is not feasible. « less
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:5585730
Report Number(s):USGS-OFR-82-714
ON: DE84900493
Resource Type:Technical Report
Data Type:
Research Org:Geological Survey, Denver, CO (USA)
Country of Publication:United States
Language:English
Subject: 02 PETROLEUM; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 15 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY; AFRICA; COAL DEPOSITS; GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES; PETROLEUM DEPOSITS; STRATIGRAPHY; RESOURCE ASSESSMENT; CHAD; GAMBIA; IVORY COAST; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; RESOURCE POTENTIAL; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; UPPER VOLTA; DEVELOPING COUNTRIES; GEOLOGIC DEPOSITS; GEOLOGY; MINERAL RESOURCES; RESOURCES Geothermal Legacy 020200* -- Petroleum-- Reserves, Geology, & Exploration; 011000 -- Coal, Lignite, & Peat-- Reserves, Geology, & Exploration; 150102 -- Geothermal Energy-- Resources & Availability-- Non-USA-- (-1989)