Review of thorium fuel reprocessing experience
The review reveals that experience in the reprocessing of irradiated thorium materials is limited. Plants that have processed thorium-based fuels were not optimized for the operations. Previous demonstrations of several viable flowsheets provide a sound technological base for the development of optimum reprocessing methods and facilities. In addition to the resource benefit by using thorium, recent nonproliferation thrusts have rejuvenated an interest in thorium reprocessing. Extensive radiation is generated as the result of /sup 232/U-contamination produced in the /sup 233/U, resulting in the remote operation and fabrication operations and increased fuel cycle costs. Development of the denatured thorium flowsheet, which is currently of interest because of nonproliferation concerns, represents a difficult technological challenge.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Report Number(s):
- DOE Contract Number:
- Resource Type:
- Resource Relation:
- Conference: 84. AIChE national meeting, Atlanta, GA, USA, 24 Feb 1978; Other Information: Portions of document are illegible
- Research Org:
- Oak Ridge National Lab., Tenn. (USA)
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; NUCLEAR MATERIALS DIVERSION; SAFEGUARDS; SPENT FUELS; REPROCESSING; THOREX PROCESS; FLOWSHEETS; THORIUM CYCLE; REVIEWS; COST; DAUGHTER PRODUCTS; FABRICATION; FUEL CYCLE; FUEL ELEMENTS; GAMMA SOURCES; PROCESSING; RECOVERY; THALLIUM 208; THORIUM; URANIUM 232; URANIUM 233; ACTINIDE ISOTOPES; ACTINIDE NUCLEI; ACTINIDES; ALPHA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; DIAGRAMS; DOCUMENT TYPES; ELEMENTS; ENERGY SOURCES; EVEN-EVEN NUCLEI; EVEN-ODD NUCLEI; FUELS; HEAVY NUCLEI; ISOTOPES; METALS; MINUTES LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; NUCLEAR FUELS; NUCLEI; ODD-ODD NUCLEI; RADIATION SOURCES; RADIOISOTOPES; REACTOR COMPONENTS; REACTOR MATERIALS; SEPARATION PROCESSES; THALLIUM ISOTOPES; URANIUM ISOTOPES; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES 050800* -- Nuclear Fuels-- Spent Fuels Reprocessing
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