Effects of chronic gamma radiation on the structure and diversity of an oak-pine forest
Effects of chronic gamma radiation on the structure and diversity of an oak-pine forest An oak-pine forest in central Long Island, New York, was irradiated chronically with gamma radiation from 9500 Ci of /sup 137/Cesium for a 4 year period. There was a 50% reduction in diversity at 160 R/day during the first 6 months' exposure. Diversity declined regularly in subsequent years despite the influx of several herbaceous successional species in the damaged zones. The reduction in diversity was systematic in that plants with large life-forms were the most sensitive. Survival of trees varied with tree size. Radiation resistance was correlated with life forms of the plants, the most resistant being low growing species. Radiosensitivity of plant populations is correlated with the average size of the chromosomes at interphase. The relationships between radiosensitivity and chromosome size and between radiosensitivity and the ecology of plants suggest that the evolution of radioresistance in plants has paralleled the evolution of other aspects of ecological amplitude. 47 references, 13 figures, 3 tables.
Enter terms in the toolbar above to search the full text of this document for pages containing specific keywords.