Improving intermetallic ductility and toughness
The intermetallic compound Ni/sub 3/Al has reasonable high-temperature strength, a high elastic modulus and is strongly resistant to oxidation and corrosion. Another intermetallic Mg/sub 17/Al/sub 12/, has both high strength and a low density. However, in common with many intermetallics, these two compounds in polycrystal-line form are brittle at ambient temperature, rendering them inappropriate for many structural applications. Factors which may lead to the brittle failure of intermetallics include a limited number of easy slip systems, a large slip vector, restricted cross-slip and difficulty of transmitting slip across grain boundaries. These considerations are intrinsic to the often complex crystal structures and are simultaneously the source of their strength. Thus, it would be undesirable to disorder an ordered alloy to improve the ductility if, in so doing, the alloy's strength was also greatly diminished. The various techniques to improve ductility or toughness can be loosely-placed in four categories: microalloying, macroalloying, microstructural control through processing and fiber strengthening/toughening.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Resource Type:
- Journal Article
- Resource Relation:
- Journal Name: J. Met.; (United States); Journal Volume: 40:2
- Research Org:
- Dept. of Metallurgy and Science of Materials at the Univ. of Oxford (GB)
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; INTERMETALLIC COMPOUNDS; CORROSION; DUCTILITY; GRAIN BOUNDARIES; MICROSTRUCTURE; ALUMINIUM ALLOYS; BRITTLENESS; CRYSTALS; ELASTICITY; HIGH TEMPERATURE; MAGNESIUM ALLOYS; NICKEL ALLOYS; OXIDATION; PROCESSING; ALLOYS; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; MECHANICAL PROPERTIES; TENSILE PROPERTIES 360103* -- Metals & Alloys-- Mechanical Properties; 360102 -- Metals & Alloys-- Structure & Phase Studies; 360105 -- Metals & Alloys-- Corrosion & Erosion
Enter terms in the toolbar above to search the full text of this document for pages containing specific keywords.