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Title: Recommendations for probabilistic seismic hazard analysis: Guidance on uncertainty and use of experts

Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis (PSHA) is a methodology that estimates the likelihood that various levels of earthquake-caused ground motion will be exceeded at a given location in a given future time period. Due to large uncertainties in all the geosciences data and in their modeling, multiple model interpretations are often possible. This leads to disagreement among experts, which in the past has led to disagreement on the selection of ground motion for design at a given site. In order to review the present state-of-the-art and improve on the overall stability of the PSHA process, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) co-sponsored a project to provide methodological guidance on how to perform a PSHA. The project has been carried out by a seven-member Senior Seismic Hazard Analysis Committee (SSHAC) supported by a large number other experts. The SSHAC reviewed past studies, including the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the EPRI landmark PSHA studies of the 1980`s and examined ways to improve on the present state-of-the-art. The Committee`s most important conclusion is that differences in PSHA results are due to procedural rather than technical differences. Thus, in addition to more » providing a detailed documentation on state-of-the-art elements of a PSHA, this report provides a series of procedural recommendations. The role of experts is analyzed in detail. Two entities are formally defined-the Technical Integrator (TI) and the Technical Facilitator Integrator (TFI)--to account for the various levels of complexity in the technical issues and different levels of efforts needed in a given study. « less
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. and others
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
479072
Report Number(s):
NUREG/CR--6372-Vol.1; UCRL-ID--122160
ON: TI97006219; TRN: 97:011075
DOE Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Apr 1997
Research Org:
Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States). Div. of Engineering Technology; Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States); USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States);USDOE, Washington, DC (United States);Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
05 NUCLEAR FUELS; 22 NUCLEAR REACTOR TECHNOLOGY; SEISMIC EVENTS; PROBABILISTIC ESTIMATION; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; GROUND MOTION; HAZARDS; DATA COVARIANCES; SCIENTIFIC PERSONNEL; EARTHQUAKES; RECOMMENDATIONS; SITE CHARACTERIZATION; CALCULATION METHODS