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Title: Background chemistry for chemical warfare agents and decontamination processes in support of delisting waste streams at the U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground, Utah

Background chemistry for chemical warfare agents and decontamination processes in support of delisting waste streams at the U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground, Utah The State of Utah, Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ), Division of Solid and Hazardous Waste (DSHW), has declared residues resulting from the demilitarization, treatment, cleanup, and testing of military chemical agents to be hazardous wastes. These residues have been designated as corrosive, reactive, toxic, and acute hazardous (Hazardous Waste No. F999). The RCRA regulations (40 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] 260-280), the Utah Administrative Code (R-315), and other state hazardous waste programs list specific wastes as hazardous but allow generators to petition the regulator to {open_quotes}delist,{close_quotes} if it can be demonstrated that such wastes are not hazardous. The U.S. Army Test and Evaluation Command (TECOM) believes that certain categories of F999 residues are not hazardous and has obtained assistance from Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne) to make the delisting demonstration. The objective of this project is to delist chemical agent decontaminated residues resulting from materials testing activities and to delist a remediation residue (e.g., contaminated soil). To delist these residues, it must be demonstrated that the residues (1) do not contain hazardous quantities of the listed agents; (2) do not contain hazardous quantities of constituents listed in 40 CFR Part 261, Appendix VIII; (3) do not exhibit other characteristics that could more » define the residues as hazardous; and (4) do not fail a series of acute toxicity tests. The first phase will focus on a subset of the F999 wastes generated at the U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground (DPG), where the Army tests the effects of military chemical agents and agent-decontamination procedures on numerous military items. This effort is identified as Phase I of the Delisting Program. Subsequent phases will address other DPG chemical agent decontaminated residues and remediation wastes and similar residues at other installations. « less
Authors: ; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:OSTI ID: 258187
Report Number(s):ANL/EAD/TM--56
ON: DE96012766; TRN: 96:004115
DOE Contract Number:W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:Technical Report
Resource Relation:Other Information: PBD: Apr 1996
Research Org:Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:Department of Defense, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:United States
Language:English
Subject: 45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 40 CHEMISTRY; CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS; DECOMPOSITION; CHEMISTRY; ORGANIC CHLORINE COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC FLUORINE COMPOUNDS; DECONTAMINATION; RESIDUES; TOXICITY; HYPOCHLOROUS ACID; WASTES; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT; SOILS