Behavior of tritium permeation induced by water corrosion of alpha iron around room temperature
Tritium (T) permeation leakage to surroundings is a great safety concern in fission and fusion reactor systems. T permeation potentially occurs from T contaminated water through cooling tubes or storage tank made of metals which dissolve some T evolved by water corrosion. In order to understand behaviors of hydrogen uptake and permeation in pure α-iron (αFe) during water corrosion around room temperature, hydrogen permeation experiments for an αFe membrane have been conducted by means of tritium tracer techniques. The present study suggests that hydrogen produced by water corrosion of αFe is trapped in product oxide layers to delay hydrogen uptake in αFe for a moment. However, the oxide layers do not work as a sufficient barrier for hydrogen uptake. Some of hydrogen dissolved in αFe normally diffuses and permeates through the bulk in the early stage of permeation. In a later stage, hydrogen permeation could be apparently stopped by the disappearance of concentration difference of tritium. Hydrogen partial pressure at the water/αFe interface could be ranged from 0.7 to 9.5 kPa around room temperature.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Resource Type:
- Journal Article
- Resource Relation:
- Journal Name: Fusion Science and Technology; Journal Volume: 67; Journal Issue: 3; Conference: TRITIUM 2013: 10. International Conference on Tritium Science and Technology, Nice Acropolis (France), 21-25 Oct 2013; Other Information: Country of input: France; 10 refs.
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; CORROSION; HYDROGEN; IRON-ALPHA; MEMBRANES; OXIDES; PARTIAL PRESSURE; PRESSURE RANGE KILO PA; REACTOR SAFETY; REACTORS; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; THERMONUCLEAR REACTORS; TRACER TECHNIQUES; TRITIUM; UPTAKE; WATER