skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Rapid synthesis of barium titanate microcubes using composite-hydroxides-mediated avenue

Highlights: • Barium titanate oxides microcubes can be synthesized within 1 min. • Composite-hydroxides-mediated strategy provided a possible large scale production. • BST obtained in the strategy showed fairly good crystallinity and tetragonality. - Abstract: This paper reports the rapid synthesis of barium titanate (BaTiO{sub 3}, BTO) microcubes via composite-hydroxides-mediated reaction within 1 min. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersion spectrum (EDS) results confirmed both cubic and tetragonal lattices in the sample and the uniform microcubes with an average size of 1 μm. Ultraviolet–visible (UV–vis) spectrum indicated that the band gap of the BTO powder was 3.05 eV. Ferroelectric polarization vs. electric field (P–E) tests showed that the ferroelectric domains had formed in the as-synthesized BTO microcubes and sintered ceramics. BTO ceramics sintered at 1100 °C for 3 h showed fairly good tetragonality and possessed a maximum polarization of 0.21 μC/cm{sup 2}, indicating that the sintering temperature for the BTO powders prepared via this method was relatively low. The process and equipment reported herein provided a potential method for the rapid synthesis of titanate based perovskites.
Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22345263
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 52; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; BARIUM; CERAMICS; DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES; DISPERSIONS; ELECTRIC FIELDS; EV RANGE; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; HYDROXIDES; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; OXIDES; PEROVSKITES; POLARIZATION; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SPECTRA; SYNTHESIS; TETRAGONAL LATTICES; TITANATES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION