Title: On the applicability of the standard approaches for evaluating a neoclassical radial electric field in a tokamak edge region

The use of the standard approaches for evaluating a neoclassical radial electric field E{sub r}, i.e., the Ampere (or gyro-Poisson) equation, requires accurate calculation of the difference between the gyroaveraged electron and ion particle fluxes (or densities). In the core of a tokamak, the nontrivial difference appears only in high-order corrections to a local Maxwellian distribution due to the intrinsic ambipolarity of particle transport. The evaluation of such high-order corrections may be inconsistent with the accuracy of the standard long wavelength gyrokinetic equation (GKE), thus imposing limitations on the applicability of the standard approaches. However, in the edge of a tokamak, charge-exchange collisions with neutrals and prompt ion orbit losses can drive non-intrinsically ambipolar particle fluxes for which a nontrivial (E{sub r}-dependent) difference between the electron and ion fluxes appears already in a low order and can be accurately predicted by the long wavelength GKE. The parameter regimes, where the radial electric field dynamics in the tokamak edge region is dominated by the non-intrinsically ambipolar processes, thus allowing for the use of the standard approaches, are discussed.

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)

Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544 (United States)

Publication Date:

OSTI Identifier:

22220649

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Resource Relation:

Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 20; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

Country of Publication:

United States

Language:

English

Subject:

70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; CHARGE EXCHANGE; COLLISIONS; CORRECTIONS; ELECTRIC FIELDS; NEOCLASSICAL TRANSPORT THEORY; PLASMA; PLASMA CONFINEMENT; POISSON EQUATION; TOKAMAK DEVICES; WAVELENGTHS