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Title: Plutonium: The first 50 years. United States plutonium production, acquisition, and utilization from 1944 through 1994

Plutonium: The first 50 years. United States plutonium production, acquisition, and utilization from 1944 through 1994 The report contains important newly declassified information regarding the US production, acquisition, and removals of plutonium. This new information, when combined with previously declassified data, has allowed the DOE to issue, for the first time, a truly comprehensive report on the total DOE plutonium inventory. At the December 7, 1993, Openness Press Conference, the DOE declassified the plutonium inventories at eight locations totaling 33.5 metric tons (MT). This report declassifies the remainder of the DOE plutonium inventory. Newly declassified in this report is the quantity of plutonium at the Pantex Site, near Amarillo, Texas, and in the US nuclear weapons stockpile of 66.1 MT, which, when added to the previously released inventory of 33.5 MT, yields a total plutonium inventory of 99.5 MT. This report will document the sources which built up the plutonium inventory as well as the transactions which have removed plutonium from that inventory. This report identifies four sources that add plutonium to the DOE/DoD inventory, and seven types of transactions which remove plutonium from the DOE/DoD inventory. This report also discusses the nuclear material control and accountability system which records all nuclear material transactions, compares records with inventory and calculates material balances, and analyzes differences to more » verify that nuclear materials are in quantities as reported. The DOE believes that this report will aid in discussions in plutonium storage, safety, and security with stakeholders as well as encourage other nations to declassify and release similar data. These data will also be available for formulating policies with respect to disposition of excess nuclear materials. The information in this report is based on the evaluation of available records. The information contained in this report may be updated or revised in the future should additional or more detailed data become available. « less
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:OSTI ID: 219368
Report Number(s):DOE/DP--0137
ON: DE96009911; TRN: AHC29609%%99
Resource Type:Technical Report
Resource Relation:Other Information: PBD: Feb 1996
Research Org:USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
Sponsoring Org:USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:United States
Language:English
Subject: 05 NUCLEAR FUELS; PLUTONIUM; INVENTORIES; US DOE; INFORMATION DISSEMINATION; USA; DECLASSIFICATION; HISTORICAL ASPECTS; ISOTOPE PRODUCTION; NUCLEAR MATERIALS MANAGEMENT; US DOD; NUCLEAR WEAPONS; TESTING; MATERIAL BALANCE; GOVERNMENT POLICIES; SAFEGUARDS; RADIOACTIVE WASTES