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Title: Capacity mapping for optimum utilization of pulverizers for coal fired boilers - article no. 032201

Capacity mapping for optimum utilization of pulverizers for coal fired boilers - article no. 032201 Capacity mapping is a process of comparison of standard inputs with actual fired inputs to assess the available standard output capacity of a pulverizer. The base capacity is a function of grindability; fineness requirement may vary depending on the volatile matter (VM) content of the coal and the input coal size. The quantity and the inlet will change depending on the quality of raw coal and output requirement. It should be sufficient to dry pulverized coal (PC). Drying capacity is also limited by utmost PA fan power to supply air. The PA temperature is limited by air preheater (APH) inlet flue gas temperature; an increase in this will result in efficiency loss of the boiler. The higher PA inlet temperature can be attained through the economizer gas bypass, the steam coiled APH, and the partial flue gas recirculation. The PS/coal ratioincreases with a decrease in grindability or pulverizer output and decreases with a decrease in VM. The flammability of mixture has to be monitored on explosion limit. Through calibration, the PA flow and efficiency of conveyance can be verified. The velocities of coal/air mixture to prevent fallout or to avoid erosion in the coal carrier pipe are dependent on the more » PC particle size distribution. Metal loss of grinding elements inversely depends on the YGP index of coal. Variations of dynamic loading and wearing of grinding elements affect the available milling capacity and percentage rejects. Therefore, capacity mapping in necessary to ensure the available pulverizer capacity to avoid overcapacity or undercapacity running of the pulverizing system, optimizing auxiliary power consumption. This will provide a guideline on the distribution of raw coal feeding in different pulverizers of a boiler to maximize system efficiency and control, resulting in a more cost effective heat rate. « less
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:21116480
Resource Type:Journal Article
Resource Relation:Journal Name: Journal of Energy Resources Technology; Journal Volume: 130; Journal Issue: 3
Country of Publication:United States
Language:English
Subject: 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; PULVERIZERS; CAPACITY; MAPPING; OPTIMIZATION; DRYING; PARTICLE SIZE; MOISTURE; COAL; WEAR RESISTANCE; FOSSIL-FUEL POWER PLANTS