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Title: Sea urchin-likeNiCoO2@C nanocompositesforLi-ionbatteries and supercapacitors

The rational construction of battery electrode architecture that offers both high energy and power densities on a gravimetric and volumetric basis is a critical concern but achieving this aim is beset by many fundamental and practical challenges. Here we report a new sea urchin-like NiCoO2@C composite electrode architecture composed of NiCoO2 nanosheets grown on hollow concave carbon disks. Such a unique structural design not only preserves all the advantages of hollow structures but also increases the packing density of the active materials. NiCoO2 nanosheets grown on carbon disks promote a high utilization of active materials in redox reactions by reducing the path length for Li+ ions and for electron transfer. Meanwhile, the hollow concave carbon not only reduces the volume change, but also improves the volumetric energy density of the entire composite electrode. As a result, the nanocomposites exhibit superior electrochemical performance measured in terms of high capacity/capacitance, stable cycling performance and good rate capability in both Li-ion battery and supercapacitor applications. Such nanostructured composite electrode may also have great potential for application in other electrochemical devices.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1332125
DOE Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Nano Energy; Journal Volume: 27
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)
Sponsoring Org:
Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China - New Century Excellent Talents In University Program; USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) - Office of Vehicle Technology; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Electrochemistry; Hollow concave carbon; Lithium ion battery; NiCoO2; Supercapacitor