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This content will become publicly available on November 12, 2017

Title: Assessment of desalination technologies for treatment of a highly saline brine from a potential CO2 storage site

Brine extraction is a promising strategy for the management of increased reservoir pressure, resulting from carbon dioxide (CO2) injection in deep saline reservoirs. The extracted brines usually have high concentrations of total dissolved solids (TDS) and various contaminants, and require proper disposal or treatment. In this article, first by conducting a critical review, we evaluate the applicability, limits, and advantages or challenges of various commercially available and emerging desalination technologies that can potentially be employed to treat the highly saline brine (with TDS values >70.000 ppm) and those that are applicable to a ~200,000 ppm TDS brine extracted from the Mt. Simon Sandstone, a potential CO2 storage site in Illinois, USA. Based on the side-by-side comparison of technologies, evaporators are selected as the most suitable existing technology for treating Mt. Simon brine. Process simulations are then conducted for a conceptual design for desalination of 454 m3/h (2000 gpm) pretreated brine for near-zero liquid discharge by multi-effect evaporators. In conclusion, the thermal energy demand is estimated at 246kWh perm3 of recoveredwater, ofwhich 212kWh/m3 is required for multiple-effect evaporation and the remainder for salt drying. The process also requires additional electrical power of ~2 kWh/m3.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Illinois, Champaign, IL (United States)
  2. Trimeric Corp., Buda, TX (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1332082
Grant/Contract Number:
FE0026136
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Desalination
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 404; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0011-9164
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Univ. of Illinois, Champaign, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING desalination; brine extraction; CO2 sequestration; brine treatment; Mt. Simon sandstone