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Title: Investigation of radiation damage tolerance in interface-containing metallic nano structures

The proposed work seeks to conduct a basic study by applying experimental and computational methods to obtain quantitative influence of helium sink strength and proximity on He bubble nucleation and growth in He-irradiated nano-scale metallic structures, and the ensuing deformation mechanisms and mechanical properties. We utilized a combination of nano-scale in-situ tension and compression experiments on low-energy He-irradiated samples combined with site-specific microstructural characterization and modeling efforts. We also investigated the mechanical deformation of nano-architected materials, i.e. nanolattices which are comprised of 3-dimensional interwoven networks of hollow tubes, with the wall thickness in the nanometer range. This systematic approach will provide us with critical information for identifying key factors that govern He bubble nucleation and growth upon irradiation as a function of both sink strength and sink proximity through an experimentally-confirmed physical understanding. As an outgrowth of these efforts, we performed irradiations with self-ions (Ni2+) on Ni-Al-Zr metallic glass nanolattices to assess their resilience against radiation damage rather than He-ion implantation. We focused our attention on studying individual bcc/fcc interfaces within a single nano structure (nano-pillar or a hollow tube): a single Fe (bcc)-Cu (fcc) boundary per pillar oriented perpendicular to the pillar axes, as well as pure bcc andmore » fcc nano structures. Additional interfaces of interest include bcc/bcc and metal/metallic glass all within a single nano-structure volume. The model material systems are: (1) pure single crystalline Fe and Cu, (2) a single Fe (bcc)-Cu (fcc) boundary per nano structure (3) a single metal–metallic glass, all oriented non-parallel to the loading direction so that their fracture strength can be tested. A nano-fabrication approach, which involves e-beam lithography and templated electroplating, as well as two-photon lithography, was utilized, which enabled precise control of the initial microstructure control. Experimentally determined stress-strain relationships were enhanced by in-situ SEM observations coupled with TEM microstructural characterization of the same samples before and after deformation (irradiated and as-fabricated) and atomistic (MD) modeling. A comprehensive suite of experiments was conducted to quantitatively assess the key parameters for He bubble nucleation and growth by independently varying the sink strength, sink proximity, and He implantation temperature and dose. The implantations were conducted at Sandia and Los Alamos National Labs (CINT). Nano structuress containing He-enriched interfaces and irradiation-damaged microstructure were tested under uniaxial tension to assess embrittlement, resulting boundary strength, and deformation mechanisms. Results of this work helped identify which types of interfaces are particularly resilient against radiation damage.« less
  1. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS nano-plasticity; irradiation; metals; interfaces; and nano mechanical experiments