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Title: FINAL REPORT: “Energetics of Nanomaterials”

Nanomaterials, solids with very small particle size, form the basis of new technologies that are revolutionizing fields such as energy, lighting, electronics, medical diagnostics, and drug delivery. These nanoparticles are different from conventional bulk materials in many ways we do not yet fully understand. This project focused on their structure and thermodynamics and emphasized the role of water in nanoparticle surfaces. Using a unique and synergistic combination of high-tech techniques—namely oxide melt solution calorimetry, cryogenic heat capacity measurements, and inelastic neutron scattering—this work has identified differences in structure, thermodynamic stability, and water behavior on nanoparticles as a function of composition and particle size. The systematics obtained increase the fundamental understanding needed to synthesize, retain, and apply these technologically important nanomaterials and to predict and tailor new materials for enhanced functionality, eventually leading to a more sustainable way of life.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
  2. Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States)
  3. Brigham Young Univ., Provo, UT (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Related Information: B. Huang, J. Schliesser, R.E. Olsen, S.J. Smith, and B.F. Woodfield, "Synthesis and Thermodynamics of Porous Metal Oxide Nanomaterials", Curr. Inorg. Chem. 4, 40-53 (2014) M.K. Mardkhe, B.F. Woodfield, C.H. Bartholomew, and B. Huang, "A Method of Making Highly Porous, Stable Aluminum Oxides Doped with Silicon", U.S. (2014)R.E. Olsen, J.S. Lawson, N. Rohbock, and B.F. Woodfield, "Practical Comparison of Traditional and Definitive Screening Designs in Chemical Process Development", International Journal of Experimental Design and Process Optimisation, In Press (2016).N. Liu, X. Guo, A. Navrotsky, L. Shi, and D. Wu, “Thermodynamic Complexity of Sulfated Zirconia Catalysts” J. Catal., In Press (2016).B.F. Woodfield, S. Liu, J. Boerio-Goates, and Q. Liu, "Preparation of Uniform Nanoparticles of Ultra-High Purity Metal Oxides, Mixed Metal Oxides, Metals, and Metal Alloys", U.S. 8,211,388 (2012)B.F. Woodfield, C.H. Bartholomew, K. Brunner, W. Hecker, X. Ma, F. Xu, and L. Astle, "Iron and Cobalt Based Fisher-Tropsch Pre-Catalysts and Catalysts", U.S. 9,114,378 (2015)B.F. Woodfield, S.J. Smith, D.A. Selk, C.H. Bartholomew, X. Ma, F. Xu, R.E. Olsen, and L. Astle, "Single Reaction Synthesis of Texturized Catalysts", U.S. 9,079,164 (2015)C.H. Bartholomew, B.F. Woodfield, B. Huang, B. Olsen, and L. Astle, "A Method for Making Highly Porous, Stable Metal Oxides with Controlled Pore Structure", U.S. 9,334,173 (2016)M.K. Mardkhe, B.F. Woodfield, C.H. Bartholomew, and B. Huang, "A Method of Making Highly Porous, Stable Aluminum Oxides Doped with Silicon", U.S. Allowed (2016)
Research Org:
Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY Thermodynamics; Nanomaterials; Confinement; Guest-Host Interactions; Surface Energy; Energy Hydration