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Title: Unearthing the ecology of soil microorganisms using a high resolution DNA-SIP approach to explore cellulose and xylose metabolism in soil

We explored microbial contributions to decomposition using a sophisticated approach to DNA Stable Isotope Probing (SIP). Our experiment evaluated the dynamics and ecological characteristics of functionally defined microbial groups that metabolize labile and structural C in soils. We added to soil a complex amendment representing plant derived organic matter substituted with either 13C-xylose or 13C-cellulose to represent labile and structural C pools derived from abundant components of plant biomass. We found evidence for 13C-incorporation into DNA from 13C-xylose and 13C-cellulose in 49 and 63 operational taxonomic units (OTUs), respectively. The types of microorganisms that assimilated 13C in the 13C-xylose treatment changed over time being predominantly Firrnicutes at day 1 followed by Bacteroidetes at day 3 and then Actinobacteria at day 7. These 13C-labeling dynamics suggest labile C traveled through different trophic levels. In contrast, microorganisms generally metabolized cellulose-C after 14 days and did not change to the same extent in phylogenetic composition over time. Furthermore, microorganisms that metabolized cellulose-C belonged to poorly characterized but cosmopolitan soil lineages including Verrucomicrobia, Chlorotlexi, and Planctomycetes.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). School of Integrative Plant Sciences
  2. Butler Univ., Indianapolis, IN (United States). Dept. of Biological Sciences
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0004486; SC0010558
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Frontiers in Microbiology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 1664-302X
Frontiers Research Foundation
Research Org:
Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES stable isotope probing; carbon cycle; decomposition; verrucomicrobia; cellulose; soil; trophic; dna-sip; microbial community composition; 16s ribosomal-rna; functional-significance; labile carbon; climate-change; bulk soil; bacterial; diversity; nitrogen; tools