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Title: Surface characteristics and damage distributions of diamond wire sawn wafers for silicon solar cells

This paper describes surface characteristics, in terms of its morphology, roughness and near-surface damage of Si wafers cut by diamond wire sawing (DWS) of Si ingots under different cutting conditions. Diamond wire sawn Si wafers exhibit nearly-periodic surface features of different spatial wavelengths, which correspond to kinematics of various movements during wafering, such as ingot feed, wire reciprocation, and wire snap. The surface damage occurs in the form of frozen-in dislocations, phase changes, and microcracks. The in-depth damage was determined by conventional methods such as TEM, SEM and angle-polishing/defect-etching. However, because these methods only provide local information, we have also applied a new technique that determines average damage depth over a large area. This technique uses sequential measurement of the minority carrier lifetime after etching thin layers from the surfaces. The lateral spatial damage variations, which seem to be mainly related to wire reciprocation process, were observed by photoluminescence and minority carrier lifetime mapping. Our results show a strong correlation of damage depth on the diamond grit size and wire usage.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2372-0484
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIMS Materials Science (Online); Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 2
AIMS Press
Research Org:
NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States))
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S)
Contributing Orgs:
1 National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO 80401, USA
Country of Publication:
United States
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE diamond wire sawing; sawing damage; lifetime