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Title: Estimates of RF-Induced Erosion at Antenna-Connected Beryllium Plasma-Facing Components in JET

During high-power, ion cyclotron resonance heating (ICRH), RF sheath rectification and RF induced plasma-wall interactions (RF-PWI) can potentially limit long-pulse operation. With toroidally-spaced ICRH antennas, in an ITER-like wall (ILW) environment, JET provides an ideal environment for ITER-relevant, RF-PWI studies. JET pulses combining sequential toggling of the antennas with q95 (edge safety factor) sweeping were recently used to localize RF-enhanced Be I and Be II spectral line emission at outboard poloidal (beryllium) limiters. These measurements were carried out in the early stages of JET-ILW and in ICRF-only, L-mode discharges. The appearance of enhanced emission spots was explained by their magnetic connection to regions of ICRH antennas associated with higher RF-sheath rectification [1]. The measured emission lines were the same as those already qualified in ERO modelling of inboard limiter beryllium erosion in JET limiter plasmas [2]. In the present work, we revisit this spectroscopic study with the focus on obtaining estimates of the impact of these RF-PWI on sputtering and on net erosion of the affected limiter regions. To do this, the ERO erosion and re-deposition code [2] is deployed with the detailed geometry of a JET outboard limiter. The effect of RF-PWI on sputtering is represented by varying themore » surface negative biasing, which affects the incidence energy and the resulting sputtering yield. The observed variations in line emission, from [1], for JET pulse 81173 of about factor 3 can be reproduced with ~ 100 200 V bias. ERO simulations show that the influence of the respective E-field on the local Be transport is localized near the surface and relatively small. Still, the distribution of the 3D plasma parameters, shadowing and other geometrical effects are quite important. The plasma parameter simulated by Edge2D-EIRENE [3] are extrapolated towards the surface and mapped in 3D. These initial modelling results are consistent with the range of potentials anticipated through RF sheath rectification (see, e.g., [4]). Shortcomings from both the modelling and experimental side will be discussed, as will be plans for improvements in both areas method for the upcoming 2015 - 2016 JET campaign. [1] C.C. Klepper et al., J. Nucl. Mater. 438 (2013) S594 S598 [2] D. Borodin et al., Phys. Scr. T159 (2014) 014057 [3] M. Groth et al., Nucl. Fusion 53 (2013) 093016 [4] Jonathan Jacquot et al., Phys. Plasmas 21 (2014) 061509 *Corresponding author: presently at CCFE (UK) tel.: +44 1235 46 4304, e-mail: **See the Appendix of F. Romanelli et al., Proc. of the 25th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference 2014, Saint Petersburg, Russia Work supported, in part, by US DOE under Contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 with UT-Battelle, LLC.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7]
  1. Association EURATOM-FZJ, Julich, Germany
  2. Aalto University, Finland
  3. VTT Technical Research Centre, Finland
  4. French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA)
  5. EURATOM / UKAEA, Abingdon, UK
  6. Forschungszentrum Julich, Germany
  7. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)
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Conference: 15th International Conference on Plasma Facing Materials and Components (PFMC-15), Aix-en-Provence, France, France, 20150518, 20150522
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States