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Title: MicroRNAs Suppress NB Domain Genes in Tomato That Confer Resistance to Fusarium oxysporum

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) suppress the transcriptional and post-transcriptional expression of genes in plants. Several miRNA families target genes encoding nucleotide-binding site–leucine-rich repeat (NB-LRR) plant innate immune receptors. The fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici causes vascular wilt disease in tomato. Here, we explored a role for miRNAs in tomato defense against F. oxysporum using comparative miRNA profiling of susceptible (Moneymaker) and resistant (Motelle) tomato cultivars. slmiR482f and slmiR5300 were repressed during infection of Motelle with F. oxysporum. Two predicted mRNA targets each of slmiR482f and slmiR5300 exhibited increased expression in Motelle and the ability of these four targets to be regulated by the miRNAs was confirmed by co-expression in Nicotiana benthamiana. Silencing of the targets in the resistant Motelle cultivar revealed a role in fungal resistance for all four genes. All four targets encode proteins with full or partial nucleotide-binding (NB) domains. One slmiR5300 target corresponds to tm-2, a susceptible allele of the Tomato Mosaic Virus resistance gene, supporting functions in immunity to a fungal pathogen. The observation that none of the targets correspond to I-2, the only known resistance (R) gene for F. oxysporum in tomato, supports roles for additional R genes in the immune response. In conclusion, taken together,more » our findings suggest that Moneymaker is highly susceptible because its potential resistance is insufficiently expressed due to the action of miRNAs.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Riverside, CA (United States). Inst. for Integrative Genome Biology
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States). Bioscience Division
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
PLoS Pathogens
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1553-7374
Public Library of Science
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES MicroRNAs; Fusarium oxysporum; Tomato; Protein domains; Gene expression; Messenger RNA; Infectious disease control