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Title: Investigation on porosity and permeability change of Mount Simon sandstone (Knox County, IN, USA) under geological CO 2 sequestration conditions: a numerical simulation approach

A numerical model was developed to simulate reactive transport with porosity and permeability change of Mount Simon sandstone (samples from Knox County, IN) after 180 days of exposure to CO2-saturated brine under CO2 sequestration conditions. The model predicted formation of a high-porosity zone adjacent to the surface of the sample in contact with bulk brine, and a lower porosity zone just beyond that high-porosity zone along the path from sample/bulk brine interface to sample core. The formation of the high porosity zone was attributed to dissolution of quartz and muscovite/illite, while the formation of the lower porosity zone adjacent to the aforementioned high porosity zone was attributed to precipitation of kaolinite and feldspar. The model predicted a 40% permeability increase for the Knox sandstone sample after 180 days of exposure to CO2-saturated brine, which was consistent with laboratory-measured permeability results. Model-predicted solution chemistry results were also found to be consistent with laboratory-measured solution chemistry data. Initial porosity, initial feldspar content and the exponent n value (determined by pore structure and tortuosity) used in permeability calculations were three important factors affecting permeability evolution of sandstone samples under CO2 sequestration conditions. 1
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  1. US Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh PA USA
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2152-3878
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology; Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 4
Society of Chemical Industry, Wiley
Research Org:
National Energy Technology Laboratory - In-house Research
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
Country of Publication:
United States
58 GEOSCIENCES; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES CO2 storage, sandstone, reactive transport, dissolution, precipitation OSTI Subject Areas: 58 - GEOSCIENCES 54 - ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES