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Title: A novel transcriptional regulator of L-arabinose utilization in human gut bacteria

We report that carbohydrate metabolism plays a crucial role in the ecophysiology of human gut microbiota. Mechanisms of transcriptional regulation of sugar catabolism in commensal and prevalent human gut bacteria such as Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron remain mostly unknown. By a combination of bioinformatics and experimental approaches, we have identified an NrtR family transcription factor (BT0354 in B. thetaiotaomicron, BtAraR) as a novel regulator controlling the arabinose utilization genes. L-arabinose was confirmed to be a negative effector of BtAraR. We have solved the crystal structures of the apo and L-arabinose-bound BtAraR proteins, as well as the complex of apo-protein with a specific DNA operator. BtAraR forms a homodimer with each subunit comprised of the ligand-binding Nudix hydrolase-like domain and the DNA-binding winged-helix-turn-helix (wHTH) domain. We have identified the residues involved in binding of L-arabinose and recognition of DNA. The majority of these residues are well conserved in the AraR orthologs in Bacteroidetes. In the structure of the BtAraR–DNA complex, we found the unique interaction of arginine intercalating its guanidinum moiety into the base pair stacking of B-DNA. L-arabinose binding induces movement of wHTH domains, resulting in a conformation unsuitable for DNA binding. Furthermore, our analysis facilitates reconstruction of the metabolic and regulatorymore » networks involved in carbohydrate utilization in human gut Bacteroides.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, La Jolla, CA (United States)
  3. Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, La Jolla, CA (United States); Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russia)
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357; 14-14-00289; GM094585
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nucleic Acids Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Nucleic Acids Research; Journal ID: ISSN 0305-1048
Oxford University Press
Research Org:
Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE; National Institutes of Health (NIH); Russian Science Foundation
Country of Publication:
United States