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Title: Evaluation of Dynamic Mechanical Loading as an Accelerated Test Method for Ribbon Fatigue

Dynamic Mechanical Loading (DML) of photovoltaic modules is explored as a route to quickly fatigue copper interconnect ribbons. Results indicate that most of the interconnect ribbons may be strained through module mechanical loading to a level that will result in failure in a few hundred to thousands of cycles. Considering the speed at which DML may be applied, this translates into a few hours of testing. To evaluate the equivalence of DML to thermal cycling, parallel tests were conducted with thermal cycling. Preliminary analysis suggests that one +/-1 kPa DML cycle is roughly equivalent to one standard accelerated thermal cycle and approximately 175 of these cycles are equivalent to a 25-year exposure in Golden Colorado for the mechanism of module ribbon fatigue.
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Conference: Presented at the 29th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, 22-26 September 2014, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Munich, Germany: WIP Wirtschaft und Infrastruktur GmbH & Co Planungs KG
Research Org:
NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States))
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S)
Country of Publication:
United States
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE dynamic mechanical loading; thermal cycling; fatigue; cell cracking; accelerated testing