skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

This content will become publicly available on March 30, 2017

Title: Misoriented grain boundaries vicinal to the (1 1 1) <1 1¯0> twin in nickel Part I: Thermodynamics & temperature-dependent structure

Here, grain boundary-engineered materials are of immense interest for their corrosion resistance, fracture resistance and microstructural stability. This work contributes to a larger goal of understanding both the structure and thermodynamic properties of grain boundaries vicinal (within ±30°) to the Σ3(1 1 1) <1 1¯0> (coherent twin) boundary which is found in grain boundary-engineered materials. The misoriented boundaries vicinal to the twin show structural changes at elevated temperatures. In the case of nickel, this transition temperature is substantially below the melting point and at temperatures commonly reached during processing, making the existence of such boundaries very likely in applications. Thus, the thermodynamic stability of such features is thoroughly investigated in order to predict and fully understand the structure of boundaries vicinal to twins. Low misorientation angle grain boundaries (|θ| ≲ 16°) show distinct ±1/3(1 1 1) disconnections which accommodate misorientation in opposite senses. The two types of disconnection have differing low-temperature structures which show different temperature-dependent behaviours with one type undergoing a structural transition at approximately 600 K. At misorientation angles greater than approximately ±16°, the discrete disconnection nature is lost as the disconnections merge into one another. Free energy calculations demonstrate that these high-angle boundaries, which exhibit a transitionmore » from a planar to a faceted structure, are thermodynamically more stable in the faceted configuration.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1478-6435; 642135
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Philosophical Magazine (2003, Print)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Philosophical Magazine (2003, Print); Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 13; Journal ID: ISSN 1478-6435
Taylor & Francis
Research Org:
Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE misorientation; twins; grain boundaries; nickel; disconnections