Catalytic Chemistry on Oxide Nanostructures
Metal oxides represent one of the most important and widely employed materials in catalysis. Extreme variability of their chemistry provides a unique opportunity to tune their properties and to utilize them for the design of highly active and selective catalysts. For bulk oxides, this can be achieved by varying their stoichiometry, phase, exposed surface facets, defect, dopant densities and numerous other ways. Further, distinct properties from those of bulk oxides can be attained by restricting the oxide dimensionality and preparing them in the form of ultrathin films and nanoclusters as discussed throughout this book. In this chapter we focus on demonstrating such unique catalytic properties brought by the oxide nanoscaling. In the highlighted studies planar models are carefully designed to achieve minimal dispersion of structural motifs and to attain detailed mechanistic understanding of targeted chemical transformations. Detailed level of morphological and structural characterization necessary to achieve this goal is accomplished by employing both high-resolution imaging via scanning probe methods and ensemble-averaged surface sensitive spectroscopic methods. Three prototypical examples illustrating different properties of nanoscaled oxides in different classes of reactions are selected.
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Journal ID: ISSN 0933--033X; KC0302010
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- Journal Volume: 234; Related Information: Oxide Materials at the Two-Dimensional Limit. Springer Series in Materials Science, 234:251-280
- FP Netzer and A Fortunelli; Springer International, Cham, Switzerland.
- Research Org:
- Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US)
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- United States