skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Detection of the kinematic Sunyaev–Zel'dovich effect with DES Year 1 and SPT

We detect the kinematic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (kSZ) effect with a statistical significance of $$4.2 \sigma$$ by combining a cluster catalogue derived from the first year data of the Dark Energy Survey (DES) with CMB temperature maps from the South Pole Telescope Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SPT-SZ) Survey. This measurement is performed with a differential statistic that isolates the pairwise kSZ signal, providing the first detection of the large-scale, pairwise motion of clusters using redshifts derived from photometric data. By fitting the pairwise kSZ signal to a theoretical template we measure the average central optical depth of the cluster sample, $$\bar{\tau}_e = (3.75 \pm 0.89)\cdot 10^{-3}$$. We compare the extracted signal to realistic simulations and find good agreement with respect to the signal-to-noise, the constraint on $$\bar{\tau}_e$$, and the corresponding gas fraction. High-precision measurements of the pairwise kSZ signal with future data will be able to place constraints on the baryonic physics of galaxy clusters, and could be used to probe gravity on scales $$ \gtrsim 100$$ Mpc.
  1. et al.
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DES--2015-0154; FERMILAB-PUB--16-036-AE; arXiv:1603.03904
Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711; 1427367
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society; Journal Volume: 461; Journal Issue: 3
Royal Astronomical Society
Research Org:
Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (SLAC), Menlo Park, CA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Orgs:
The DES and SPT Collaborations
Country of Publication:
United States