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Title: Temporal Coherence: A Model for Non-Stationarity in Natural and Simulated Wind Records

We present a novel methodology for characterizing and simulating non-stationary stochastic wind records. In this new method, non-stationarity is characterized and modelled via temporal coherence, which is quantified in the discrete frequency domain by probability distributions of the differences in phase between adjacent Fourier components. Temporal coherence can also be used to quantify non-stationary characteristics in wind data. Three case studies are presented that analyze the non-stationarity of turbulent wind data obtained at the National Wind Technology Center near Boulder, Colorado, USA. The first study compares the temporal and spectral characteristics of a stationary wind record and a non-stationary wind record in order to highlight their differences in temporal coherence. The second study examines the distribution of one of the proposed temporal coherence parameters and uses it to quantify the prevalence of nonstationarity in the dataset. The third study examines how temporal coherence varies with a range of atmospheric parameters to determine what conditions produce more non-stationarity.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0006-8314
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Boundary-Layer Meteorology; Journal Volume: 159; Journal Issue: 2; Related Information: Boundary-Layer Meteorology
Research Org:
NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States))
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Wind and Water Technologies Office (EE-4W)
Country of Publication:
United States
17 WIND ENERGY non-stationarity; phase difference distributions; stochastic wind simulation; temporal coherence; turbulence; NREL