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Title: Mechanical qualification of the support structure for MQXF, the Nb3Sn low-β quadrupole for the high luminosity LHC

Within the scope of the High Luminosity LHC project, the collaboration between CERN and U.S. LARP is developing new low-β quadrupoles using the Nb3Sn superconducting technology for the upgrade of the LHC interaction regions. The magnet support structure of the first short model was designed and two units were fabricated and tested at CERN and at LBNL. The structure provides the preload to the collars-coils subassembly by an arrangement of outer aluminum shells pre-tensioned with water-pressurized bladders. For the mechanical qualification of the structure and the assembly procedure, superconducting coils were replaced with solid aluminum “dummy coils”, the structure was preloaded at room temperature, and then cooled-down to 77 K. Mechanical behavior of the magnet structure was monitored with the use of strain gauges installed on the aluminum shells, the dummy coils and the axial preload system. As a result, this paper reports on the outcome of the assembly and the cool-down tests with dummy coils, which were performed at CERN and at LBNL, and presents the strain gauge measurements compared to the 3D finite element model predictions.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland)
  2. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1051-8223; 1432646
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 815; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1051-8223
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Research Org:
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Orgs:
Country of Publication:
United States
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS high luminosity LHC; low-β quadrupoles; Nb3Sn magnets; short model; support structure