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Title: Present and Future Silver Cost Component in Crystalline Silicon PV Module Manufacturing

The purpose of this paper is to determine how increased c-Si PV module production might affect future silver demand and prices, as well as the impacts on total c-Si module manufacturing costs. To evaluate how PV's changing demand for silver might affect future silver prices, and the impact in terms of manufacturing costs, some scenarios of silver's contribution to c-Si PV cell manufacturing costs are compiled on the basis of projected changes in demand and price as a result of changes in material intensity. The analysis indicates that an expansion of c-Si production from 55GW/year to 250GW/year results in a 0.05-0.7 cent/W increase in manufacturing costs because of higher silver prices.
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Publication Date:
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Report Number(s):
Journal ID: empty
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Photovoltaics International; Journal Volume: 31; Related Information: Photovoltaics International
Research Org:
NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States))
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S)
Country of Publication:
United States
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY silver; crystalline silicon photovoltaics; screen printing; electroplating