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Title: Fast Acting Eddy Current Driven Valve for Massive Gas Injection on ITER

Tokamak plasma disruptions present a significant challenge to ITER as they can result in intense heat flux, large forces from halo and eddy currents, and potential first-wall damage from the generation of multi-MeV runaway electrons. Massive gas injection (MGI) of high Z material using fast acting valves is being explored on existing tokamaks and is planned for ITER as a method to evenly distribute the thermal load of the plasma to prevent melting, control the rate of the current decay to minimize mechanical loads, and to suppress the generation of runaway electrons. A fast acting valve and accompanying power supply have been designed and first test articles produced to meet the requirements for a disruption mitigation system on ITER. The test valve incorporates a flyer plate actuator similar to designs deployed on TEXTOR, ASDEX upgrade, and JET [1 3] of a size useful for ITER with special considerations to mitigate the high mechanical forces developed during actuation due to high background magnetic fields. The valve includes a tip design and all-metal valve stem sealing for compatibility with tritium and high neutron and gamma fluxes.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [3]
  1. ORNL
  2. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)
  3. ITER Organization, Cadarache, France
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:
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Resource Relation:
Conference: IEEE Symposium on Fusion Engineering (SOFE), Austin, TX, USA, 20150531, 20150604
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). ITER Program
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
ITER; Massive Gas Injection; Fast Acting Eddy current; halo and eddy currents; valve design