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Title: Single-crystal diamond refractive lens for focusing X-rays in two dimensions

The fabrication and performance evaluation of single-crystal diamond refractive X-ray lenses of which the surfaces are paraboloids of revolution for focusing X-rays in two dimensions simultaneously are reported. The lenses were manufactured using a femtosecond laser micromachining process and tested using X-ray synchrotron radiation. Such lenses were stacked together to form a standard compound refractive lens (CRL). Owing to the superior physical properties of the material, diamond CRLs could become indispensable wavefront-preserving primary focusing optics for X-ray free-electron lasers and the next-generation synchrotron storage rings. They can be used for highly efficient refocusing of the extremely bright X-ray sources for secondary optical schemes with limited aperture such as nanofocusing Fresnel zone plates and multilayer Laue lenses.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation; Journal Volume: 23
International Union of Crystallography
Research Org:
Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science - Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) - Small Business Innovative Research Grant Program; USDOE Office of Science - Office of Basic Energy Sciences; National Institutes of Health (NIH) - National Institute of General Medical Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States