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Title: Microstructural Changes Due to Alkali-Silica Reaction during Standard Mortar Test

The microstructural development of mortar bars with silica glass aggregate undergoing alkali-silica reaction (ASR) under the conditions of American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Standard Test C1260 was analyzed using scanning electron microscopy and qualitative X-ray microanalysis. Cracking in the aggregate, the hydrated paste, and the paste-aggregate interface was important in the development of the microstructure. Cracks were characterized according to their location, their relationship to other cracks, and whether they are filled with ASR gel. Expansion of the bars was approximately 1% at 12 days and 2% at 53 days. They fell apart by 63 days. The bars contained two zones, an inner region that was undergoing ASR and an outer and much more highly damaged zone that extended further inward over time. Evidence of ASR was present even during the period when specimens were immersed in water, prior to immersion in NaOH solution.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
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Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 1996-1944
Research Org:
Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE alkali-silica reaction; backscattered electron imaging; silica glass; ASTM C1260; microcracking; microstructure