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Title: Numerical Simulation of Circular Cylinders in Free-Fall

In this work, we combined the use of (i) overset meshes, (ii) a 6 degree-of-freedom (6- DOF) motion solver, and (iii) an eddy-resolving flow simulation approach to resolve the drag and secondary movement of large-sized cylinders settling in a quiescent fluid at moderate terminal Reynolds numbers (1,500 < Re < 28,000). These three strategies were implemented in a series of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) solutions to describe the fluid-structure interactions and the resulting effects on the cylinder motion. Using the drag coefficient, oscillation period, and maximum angular displacement as baselines, the findings show good agreement between the present CFD results and corresponding data of published laboratory experiments. We discussed the computational expense incurred in using the present modeling approach. We also conducted a preceding simulation of flow past a fixed cylinder at Re = 3,900, which tested the influence of the turbulence approach (time-averaging vs eddy-resolving) and the meshing strategy (continuous vs. overset) on the numerical results. The outputs indicated a strong effect of the former and an insignificant influence of the latter. The long-term motivation for the present study is the need to understand the motion of an autonomous sensor of cylindrical shape used to measure the hydraulic conditionsmore » occurring in operating hydropower turbines.« less
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Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Fluids and Structures, 61:154-167
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US)
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Country of Publication:
United States
Overset grids; cylinder; drag; secondary motion; 6-DOF; CFD