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Title: Young’s modulus of [111] germanium nanowires

Our paper reports a diameter-independent Young’s modulus of 91.9 ± 8.2 GPa for [111] Germanium nanowires (Ge NWs). When the surface oxide layer is accounted for using a core-shell NW approximation, the YM of the Ge core approaches a near theoretical value of 147.6 ± 23.4 GPa. The ultimate strength of a NW device was measured at 10.9 GPa, which represents a very high experimental-to-theoretical strength ratio of ~75%. Furthermore, with increasing interest in this material system as a high-capacity lithium-ion battery anode, the presented data provide inputs that are essential in predicting its lithiation-induced stress fields and fracture behavior.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Virginia Commonwealth Univ., Richmond, VA (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  3. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2166-532X; AMPADS; 603560
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
APL Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 2166-532X
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE germanium; elemental semiconductors; atomic force microscopy; fracture mechanics; oxide surface