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Title: Low Carbon Grid Study: Analysis of a 50% Emission Reduction in California

The California 2030 Low Carbon Grid Study (LCGS) analyzes the grid impacts of a variety of scenarios that achieve 50% carbon emission reductions from California's electric power sector. Impacts are characterized based on several key operational and economic metrics, including production costs, emissions, curtailment, and impacts on the operation of gas generation and imports. The modeling results indicate that achieving a low-carbon grid (with emissions 50% below 2012 levels) is possible by 2030 with relatively limited curtailment (less than 1%) if institutional frameworks are flexible. Less flexible institutional frameworks and a less diverse generation portfolio could lead to higher curtailment (up to 10%), operational costs (up to $800 million higher), and carbon emissions (up to 14% higher).
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Center for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Technologies, Sacramento, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States))
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE; Center for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Technologies (Work for Others)
Country of Publication:
United States
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES LCGS; Low Carbon Grid Study; California; RPS; integration study