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Title: Advisory Committee on human radiation experiments final report

Advisory Committee on human radiation experiments final report When the Advisory Committee began work in April 1994 we were charged with determining whether the radiation experiments design and administration adequately met the ethical and scientific standards, including standards of informed consent, that prevailed at the time of the experiments and that exist today and also to determine the ethical and scientific standards and criteria by which it shall evaluate human radiation experiments. Although this charge seems straightforward, it is in fact difficult to determine what the appropriate standards should be for evaluating the conduct and policies of thirty or fifty years ago. First, we needed to determine the extent to which the standards of that time are similar to the standards of today. To the extent that there were differences we needed to determine the relative roles of each in making moral evaluations. In Chapter 1 we report what we have been able to reconstruct about government rules and policies in the 1940s and 1950s regarding human experiments. We focus primarily on the Atomic Energy Commission and the Department of Defense. In Chapter 2 we turn from a consideration of government standards to an exploration of the norms and practices of physicians and medical scientists who conducted research more » with human subjects during this period. Using the results of our Ethics Oral History Project, and other sources, we also examine how scientists of the time viewed their moral responsibilities to human subjects as well as how this translated into the manner in which they conducted their research. « less
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:123541
Report Number(s):DOE/EH--96000437
ON: DE96000437; NC: NONE; TRN: 95:024371
Resource Type:Technical Report
Data Type:
Resource Relation:Other Information: PBD: Oct 1995
Research Org:Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments, Washington, DC (United States)
Sponsoring Org:USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:United States
Language:English
Subject: 56 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, APPLIED STUDIES; 29 ENERGY PLANNING AND POLICY; 07 ISOTOPE AND RADIATION SOURCE TECHNOLOGY; MAN; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; ETHICAL ASPECTS; US AEC; HISTORICAL ASPECTS; MANHATTAN PROJECT; RECOMMENDATIONS