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Title: Groundwater Discharge along a Channelized Coastal Plain Stream

In the Coastal Plain of the southeastern USA, streams have commonly been artificially channelized for flood control and agricultural drainage. However, groundwater discharge along such streams has received relatively little attention. Using a combination of stream- and spring-flow measurements, spring temperature measurements, temperature profiling along the stream-bed, and geologic mapping, we delineated zones of diffuse and focused discharge along Little Bayou Creek, a channelized, first-order perennial stream in western Kentucky. Seasonal variability in groundwater discharge mimics hydraulic-head fluctuations in a nearby monitoring well and spring-discharge fluctuations elsewhere in the region, and is likely to reflect seasonal variability in recharge. Diffuse discharge occurs where the stream is incised into the semi-confined regional gravel aquifer, which is comprised of the Mounds Gravel. Focused discharge occurs upstream where the channel appears to have intersected preferential pathways within the confining unit. Seasonal fluctuations in discharge from individual springs are repressed where piping results in bank collapse. Thereby, focused discharge can contribute to the morphological evolution of the stream channel.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Ky Dept for natural resources, Div of Mine Permits
  2. JL Sexton and Son
  3. Univ of Tx, Jackson School of Geosciences, Bur of Econ. Geology
  4. Univ of KY, Dept of Earth and Geoligical Sciences
  5. Univ of KY, KY Geological Survey
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
UK/KRCEE Doc #: 4.4 2008
UK/KRCEE doc#: 4.4 2008
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Research Org:
Kentucky Research Consortium for Energy and Environment, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Country of Publication:
United States
58 GEOSCIENCES groundwater channelization discharge kentucky coastal plain technecium trichloroethylene