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Title: Quadrennial Technology Review 2015: Technology Assessments--Marine and Hydrokinetic Power

Marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) technologies convert the energy of waves, tides, and river and ocean currents into electricity. With more than 50% of the U.S. population living within 50 miles of the nation’s coasts, MHK technologies hold significant potential to supply renewable electricity to consumers in coastal load centers, particularly in the near term in areas with high costs of electricity and longer term in high resource areas in close proximity to major coastal load centers. MHK resource assessments identify a total U.S. technical resource potential of approximately 1250–1850 terawatt-hours (TWh) of generation per year from ocean wave, ocean current, ocean tidal, and river current energy. Of this, the U.S. continental technical resource potential is approximately 500–750 TWh/year. For context, roughly 90,000 homes can be powered by 1 TWh of electricity generation each year. A cost-effective MHK industry could provide a substantial amount of electricity for the nation owing in large part to its unique advantages as a source of energy, including its vast resource potential, its close proximity to major coastal load centers, and its long-term predictability and near-term forecastability.
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
EERE Publication and Product Library
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Water Power Program (EE-4W)
Country of Publication:
United States
marine and hydrokinetic, MHK, DOE, Quadrennial Review