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Title: Short timescale photometric and polarimetric behavior of two BL Lacertae type objects

Context. Blazars are astrophysical sources whose emission is dominated by non-thermal processes, typically interpreted as synchrotron and inverse Compton emission. Although the general picture is rather robust and consistent with observations, many aspects are still unexplored. Aims. Polarimetric monitoring can offer a wealth of information about the physical processes in blazars. Models with largely different physical ingredients can often provide almost indistinguishable predictions for the total flux, but usually are characterized by markedly different polarization properties. We explore, with a pilot study, the possibility to derive structural information about the emitting regions of blazars by means of a joint analysis of rapid variability of the total and polarized flux at optical wavelengths. Methods. Short timescale (from tens of seconds to a couple of minutes) optical linear polarimetry and photometry for two blazars, BL Lacertae and PKS 1424+240, was carried out with the PAOLO polarimeter at the 3.6 m Telescopio Nazionale Galileo. Several hours of almost continuous observations were obtained for both sources. Results. Our intense monitoring allowed us to draw strongly different scenarios for BL Lacertae and PKS 1424+240, with the former characterized by intense variability on time-scales from hours to a few minutes and the latter practically constant inmore » total flux. Essentially the same behavior is observed for the polarized flux and the position angle. The variability time-scales turned out to be as short as a few minutes, although involving only a few percent variation of the flux. The polarization variability time-scale is generally consistent with the total flux variability. Total and polarized flux appear to be essentially uncorrelated. However, even during our relatively short monitoring, different regimes can be singled out. Conclusions. No simple scenario is able to satisfactorily model the very rich phenomenology exhibited in our data. As a result, detailed numerical simulations show that the emitting region should be characterized by some symmetry, and the inclusion of turbulence for the magnetic field may constitute the missing ingredient for a more complete interpretation of the data.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [1] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [7] ;  [9] ;  [9] ;  [10] ;  [7] ;  [11] ;  [12] ;  [13] more »;  [14] ;  [14] ;  [1] « less
  1. Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF), Merate (Italy)
  2. Univ. degli Studi dell' Insubria, Como (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF), Merate (Italy)
  3. Univ. degli Studi dell' Insubria, Como (Italy); Univ. degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Milano (Italy)
  4. Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States); Los Alamos National Lab., Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  5. Ministerio da Ciencia, Tecnologia e Inovacao (MCTI), Rio de Janiero (Brazil)
  6. North-West University, Potchefstroom (South Africa); Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States)
  7. Fundacion Galileao Galilei - INAF, Canary Islands (Spain)
  8. Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF), Bologna (Italy); Univ. di Bologna, Bologna (Italy)
  9. Univ. di Catania, Catania (Italy)
  10. Univ. of Turku (Finland); Univ. of Oulu (Finland)
  11. Fundacion Galileao Galilei - INAF, Canary Islands (Spain); INAF/Instituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica Milano, Milano (Italy)
  12. Università di Padova and INFN, Padova (Italy)
  13. Univ. of Geneva, Versoix (Switzerland)
  14. INAF/Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, Pino Torinse (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6361; PII: aa25674-15; TRN: US1500724
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 578; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6361
EDP Sciences
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS Polarization; BL Lacertae objects; PKS; 1424+240