Effects of Home Energy Management Systems on Distribution Utilities and Feeders Under Various Market Structures: Preprint
The combination of distributed energy resources (DER) and retail tariff structures to provide benefits to both utility consumers and the utilities is poorly understood. To improve understanding, an Integrated Energy System Model (IESM) is being developed to simulate the physical and economic aspects of DER technologies, the buildings where they reside, and feeders servicing them. The IESM was used to simulate 20 houses with home energy management systems on a single feeder under a time of use tariff to estimate economic and physical impacts on both the households and the distribution utilities. HEMS reduce consumers’ electric bills by precooling houses in the hours before peak electricity pricing. Household savings are greater than the reduction utility net revenue indicating that HEMS can provide a societal benefit providing tariffs are structured so that utilities remain solvent. Utilization of HEMS reduce peak loads during high price hours but shifts it to hours with off-peak and shoulder prices and resulting in a higher peak load.
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- Conference: Presented at the 23rd International Conference on Electricity Distribution, 15-18 June 2015, Lyon, France
- Research Org:
- NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States))
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- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY Home Energy Management System; Time of Use Pricing; Electricity Distribution
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