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Title: Observation of seasonal variation of atmospheric multiple-muon events in the MINOS near and far detectors

We report the first observation of seasonal modulations in the rates of cosmic ray multiple-muon events at two underground sites, the MINOS Near Detector with an overburden of 225 mwe, and the MINOS Far Detector site at 2100 mwe. Thus, at the deeper site, multiple-muon events with muons separated by more than 8 m exhibit a seasonal rate that peaks during the summer, similar to that of single-muon events. In contrast and unexpectedly, the rate of multiple-muon events with muons separated by less than 5–8 m, and the rate of multiple-muon events in the smaller, shallower Near Detector, exhibit a seasonal rate modulation that peaks in the winter.
  1. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States). et al.
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1550-7998; PRVDAQ; arXiv eprint number arXiv:1503.09104
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review. D, Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology; Journal Volume: 91; Journal Issue: 11
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Orgs:
The MINOS Collaboration
Country of Publication:
United States