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Title: Magnetic hardening of Ce1+xFe11-yCoyTi with ThMn12 structure by melt spinning

A recent study on the intrinsic magnetic properties of CeFe11-yCoyTi has revealed that substituting one Co for Fe retains the favorable magnetocrystalline anisotropy H-a found in the ternary Fe end member, while enhancing the Curie temperature T-c and saturation magnetization 4 pi M-s. These findings warrant further optimization around Co substitution y = 1 to try to exploit the hard magnetic properties of these Ce-based magnets. Both Ce and Co concentrations in Ce1+xFe11-yCoyTi have been optimized in the range of x = 0 0.2 and y = 0 1.5. It was found that Co substitution effectively enhances all hard magnetic properties, although the values are still lower than those predicted from the intrinsic magnetic properties. Specifically, Tc increases from 210 degrees C to 285-350 degrees C; 4 pi M-19 (magnetization at 19 kOe) from 8.9 kG to 10.5-11.5 kG, remanence B-r from 3.1 kG to 4.1-4.5 kG, and most importantly, H-ci from 1.1 kOe to 1.5 kOe. As a result, the room temperature energy product (BH)(max) has been increased by over 100% from 0.7 MGOe in Ce1.1Fe11Ti to 1.5 MGOe in Ce1.05Fe9.75Co1.25Ti. Microscopy analysis indicates that the addition of Co refines the grain size and promotes chemical homogeneity at themore » microscopic scale. The beneficial effect of Co on the microstructure contributes to the improved hard magnetic properties. (C) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC.« less
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 17
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
Country of Publication:
United States