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Title: Maximum energy product at elevated temperatures for hexagonal strontium ferrite (SrFe12O19) magnet

The electronic structure of hexagonal strontium ferrite (SrFe12O19) was calculated based on the density functional theory (DFT) and generalized gradient approximation (GGA). The GGA+U method was used to improve the description of localized Fe 3d electrons. Three different effective U (U-eff) values of 3.7, 7.0, and 10.3 eV were used to calculate three sets of exchange integrals for 21 excited states. We then calculated the temperature dependence of magnetic moments m(T) for the five sublattices (2a, 2b, 12k, 4f(1), and 4f(2)) using the exchange integrals. The m(T) of the five sublattices are inter related to the nearest neighbors, where the spins are mostly anti-ferromagnetically coupled. The five sublattice m(T) were used to ()brain the saturation magnetization M-s(T) of SrFe12O19, which is in good agreement with the experimental values. The temperature dependence of maximum energy product. ((BII)(max)(T)) was calculated using the calculated M-s(T). (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials; Journal Volume: 355
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
Country of Publication:
United States